Business in rural and peri-urban areas – WP 4
Leading partner
JIBS - Pilots France: AGIR, GAIA
Teams involved
UNIGR
Objectives
Analysis of patterns of business activities and impact on territorial development.
It is a common perception that entrepreneurship and innovation are urban phenomena that rural areas suffer from a lack of. Agriculture, agro-business and forestry have been extremely innovative industries, but they are no longer the dominating rural industries. The countryside needs to develop innovations and entrepreneurship in growing industries, i.e., to satisfy a mainly urban demand in residential, leisure, tourism and experiential industries. If rural areas cannot meet these potential demands, or if these demands from urban areas cease, then the countryside will disappear from the public (urban) consciousness. In an urban knowledge economy, rural areas cannot remain agriculturally dominated economies. Services and industry are at stake and account for an increasing part of regional GDP: WP 4 analyses entrepreneurship, innovation and industry structure changes and its determinants at micro and macro levels in rural and peri-urban areas.
Description of work
1. Inventory and compilation of available data on entrepreneurship, innovation and
industry structure change in European rural and peri-urban regions.
2. Based on compiled data, a macro analysis of entrepreneurship, innovation and industry structure change, and their determinants in various types of rural areas.
3. Case studies of entrepreneurship and innovation and their determinants in various sectors and rural area types. These case studies will be based on a) the unique, detailed geocoded data on Swedish companies and individuals 1991-2011; b) accessibility data on municipality level (divided in intra-municipality, intra-regional and interregional accessibility) regarding purchasing power, human capital, etc. Researchers at JIBS are world-leading in producing empirical accessibility data at detailed level; c) questionnaire data on innovation in rural firms in Jönköping county, collected in the ongoing TIPT-project at JIBS; d) a special questionnaire to producers of local food in the two Swedish case-study regions.
4. Based on the case-studies and the Edora typology, the results will be extrapolated to other European regions of similar types, and critically analyzed with respect to their factor and resource endowments and accessibility.
Deliverables
  • 4.1. Report on a macro analysis of entrepreneurship, innovation and industry structures, and their determinants in various types of European rural areas.
  • 4.2. Report on entrepreneurship and innovation and their determinants in the case-study regions.
  • 4.3. Report on entrepreneurship, innovation and industry structure change in various types of European rural regions.
Milestones and expected result
  • M1: Compilation of European data on entrepreneurship, innovation and industry structure change in European rural and peri-urban regions.
  • M2: Cross-European analysis on rural entrepreneurship and innovation.
  • M3: Methodologically advanced micro studies of rural entrepreneurship and innovation and their determinants.
  • M4: Methodologically advanced extrapolation of micro studies to other regions of similar types, combined with critical analysis.
Case studies
T1, T2, T5, T6, T7, P10, P14
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Poster WP4Upload Poster WP4
TASTE is supported by the European Commission
and funding bodies in 4 countries
in the framework of FP7
and the RURAGRI ERA-NET
European Commission FP7 Ruragri
Keywords Smart rural development - Land use and management - Innovative agriculture and business - Territorial governance
- Entrepreneurship - Rural Urban relationship
Contacts

Scientific Coordinator : André TORRE (INRA) - torre@agroparistech.fr
Project Manager : Frederic WALLET (INRA) - wallet@agroparistech.fr